Do all of the questions in the questions booklet provided below
US History/ Pratt Name:
“Over the centuries, the Northern and Southern sections of the United States had
developed into two very different cultural and economic regions. The distinction between
North and South had its roots in the early 17th century, when British colonists began
settling Virginia in the South and Massachusetts in the North. Along with differences in
geography and climate, the two regions were noticeably dissimilar in their religious and
cultural traditions. However, it was the Southern dependence on the ‘peculiar institution’
of slavery that increased tensions between the regions and brought them into conflict.
The South, with its plantation economy, had come to rely on an enslaved labor force. The
North, with its diversified industries, was less dependent on slavery. As the North
industrialized, Northern opposition to slavery grew more intense. The controversy over
slavery only worsened as new territories and states were admitted to the union. Supporters
of slavery saw an opportunity to create more slave states, while opponents remained
equally determined that slavery should not spread.
As the issue of slavery divided North and South, sometimes violence erupted as in the new
territory of Kansas where pro-slavery and anti-slavery fought. Of course, violence was not
restricted to Kansas. In May, Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts delivered an
impassioned speech in the Senate, entitled ‘The Crime Against Kansas.’ For two days he
verbally attacked the South and slavery, singling out Senator Andrew P. Butler of South
Carolina for his proslavery beliefs.
Soon after, Butler’s nephew, Congressman Preston S. Brooks, walked into the Senate
chamber and struck Sumner on the head repeatedly with a cane until the cane broke.
Sumner suffered brain damage and did not return to his Senate seat for more than three
The widening gulf between the North and the South had far-reaching implications for
party politics as well. As the two regions grew further apart, the old national parties
ruptured, and new political parties emerged, including a party for antislavery Northerners.
By the end of 1856, the nation’s political landscape had a very different appearance than
it had exhibited in 1848. The Whig Party had split over the issue of slavery and had lost
support in both the North and the South. The Democratic Party, which had survived
numerous crises in its history, was still alive, though scarred. A new Republican Party had
formed and was moving within striking distance of the presidency.” ~ Americans
1. In response to an attack on slavery from
the floor of the Senate, South Carolinian
Preston Brooks caned Senator ________.
(1) Thaddeus Stevens
(2) Charles Sumner
(3) Stephen Douglas
2. What contributed to the rise of
sectionalism in American history?
(1) Religious differences.
(2) Geographic and economic conditions.
(3) Gender and demographic factors.
(4) Political parties that proposed radically
(4) Roger B. Taney different tax policies.
Multiple-Choice Review Questions:
1. In the period between 1820 and 1860,
Southerners wanted slavery extended to the
Western territories so that the South could
(1) Continue to elect Southern Presidents.
(2) Continue to dominate the Supreme
(3) Keep enough strength in the Senate to
protect Southern interests.
(4) Use slave labor to expand Southern
2. During the period 1820–1860, the major
concerns in the United States dealt with
issues related to
(1) Determining the future of slavery.
(2) Increasing public funding of political
(3) Decreasing the number of elective
(4) Decreasing voter registration drives.
3. In the United States, the widespread
disregard of the fugitive slave laws most
clearly indicated that
(1) Strongly held values are difficult to
(2) The federal government is generally
unable to enforce its own laws.
(3) Little respect is given to the legal system.
(4) The judicial system is too lenient in its
treatment of offenders.
4. In the early 1850s, enforcement of the
_____ gave many northerners an eyewitness
view of the heartlessness of slavery.
(1) Kansas-Nebraska Act
(2) Fugitive Slave Act
(3) Freeport Doctrine
(4) Dred Scott decision
(5) Compromise of 1850
5. Who published the anti-slavery
newspaper, The Liberator?
A. William Lloyd Garrison C. Nat Turner
6. Who was the most famous Underground
(1) Angelina Grimke
(2) Sarah Grimke
(3) Isabel Sojourner Truth
(4) Harriet Tubman
7. Abolitionists in the pre–Civil War period
were most likely to support the
(1) removal of the Cherokee Indians from
(2) passage of the Fugitive Slave Act
(3) activities of the Underground Railroad
(4) use of popular sovereignty in the
8. The Supreme Court decision in Dred
Scott v. Sanford (1857) was significant
(1) allowed slavery in California
(2) outlawed slavery in the Southern States
(3) upheld the actions of the Underground
(4) ruled that Congress could not ban
slavery in the territories
9. One way that “Bleeding Kansas,” the
Dred Scott decision, and John Brown’s raid
on Harper’s Ferry had a similar effect on
the United States was that these events
(1) ended conflict over slavery in the
(2) eased tensions between the North and the
(3) contributed to the formation of the Whig
(4) made sectional compromise more
10. Who purchased his freedom from his
slaveholder and later started an abolitionist
newspaper called The North Star?
(1) Charles T. Weber (3) Frederick Douglass
(2) Horace Mann (4) Sojourner Truth
B. Harriet Beecher Stowe D. John Brown
Profiles in History: Nat Turner 1800-1831
A group of African Americans in Virginia carried out an armed uprising during the early
hours of August 22, 1831. Leading the attack was Nat Turner, an enslaved minister who
believed God had chosen him to bring his people out of bondage. Turner and his followers
killed more than 50 white men, women, and children before state and local troops put
down the uprising. A court then tried Turner and sentenced him to hang.
The man who led perhaps the nation’s best-known slave revolt believed from an early age
– through his mother’s encouragement – that he was divinely inspired. ‘I was intended for
some great purpose,’ he once declared.
Although many considered Nat Turner a religious fanatic – he claimed to take his
directions from mysterious voices and the movements of heavenly bodies – others knew
him to have a sharp mind. ‘He certainly never had the advantages of education,’ said the
man appointed to be his lawyer, ‘but he can read and write…and for natural intelligence
and quickness of apprehension is surpassed by few men I have ever seen.’
As he awaited execution, Turner reportedly showed little remorse for his deeds, certain
that he had acted in the name of God to free his people. ‘I am here loaded with chains and
willing to suffer the fate that awaits me,’ he said.
Turner’s lack of remorse chilled those around him, including his lawyer, who described
the calm, deliberate composure with which Turner spoke of what he had done, ‘I looked
on him,’ the lawyer wrote, ‘and my blood curdled in my veins.’
Turner’s revolt sent a wave of terror through the South and heightened fears of future
uprisings. As a result, many states adopted even harsher restrictions on both enslaved and
free African Americans.” ~ The American Vision
1. In 1831, Nat Turner organized and led a
slave insurrection in Southampton County,
Virginia, that resulted in
(1) The gradual and compensated
emancipation of the majority of slaves in
(2) The immediate emancipation and
eventual transportation of Nat Turner and
his followers to Santo Domingo
(3) Congress passing a stringent fugitive
(4) The Southern states expanding their
militia systems and strengthening the slave
2. The only “successful” slave insurrection
in the nineteenth-century South was led by
(1) Harriet Tubman.
(2) Nat Turner.
(3) Frederick Douglass.
(4) Dred Scott.
3. What lesson did white southerners learn
from the Nat Turner Rebellion?
(1) That slave insurrections were an ever-
(2) That gradual emancipation was
(3) That slaves should not be allowed to
work in cities.
(4) That slaves should be allowed to read.
“The Democratic party was a unifying force, strong in the North, West, and South. In
1854, Democrats were challenged b y a new sectional party, the Republicans, who drew
support from the North and West. Southerners opposed the party as antislavery.
The Republican platforms (statements of political ideas) of 1856 and 1860 proposed the
• A ban on slavery in Western territories
• A high protective tariff to aid Northern industries
One Republican, Abraham Lincoln, spoke forcefully on stopping the spread of slavery:
‘The Republican party looks upon slavery as a moral, social, and political wrong. They
insist that it should be treated as a wrong; and one of the methods of treating it as a wrong
is to make sure that it should grow no longer.’
In 1860, the Republicans nominated Lincoln for president. A majority of Democrats
nominated Stephen Douglas, a moderate on slavery. Southern Democrats nominated John
Breckinridge, a proslavery Southerner. Lincoln’s victory was the worst possible outcome
from the South’s point of view.
One month after Lincoln’s election, South Carolina seceded from the Union. (In
Lincoln’s view, the nation was a union of people, not states; therefore no state had the right
to secede.) Other Southern states followed suit, and by March, 1861, the North and the
South were virtually separate nations.”
~ Reviewing U.S. History and Government
1. Which argument did President Abraham
Lincoln use against the secession of the
(1) Slavery was not profitable
(2) The government was a union of people
and not of states.
(3) The Southern States did not permit their
people to vote on secession.
(4) As the Commander in Chief, he had the
duty to defend the United States against
2. Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln
declared that his primary goal as President
(1) enforce the Emancipation Proclamation
(2) preserve the Union
(3) end slavery throughout the country
(4) encourage sectionalism
3. Which statement best explains President
Abraham Lincoln’s justification for the
(1) As an abolitionist, President Lincoln
wanted to end slavery in the United States.
(2) President Lincoln wanted to keep the
South economically dependent on the
(3) President Lincoln’s oath of office
required him to defend and preserve the
(4) To keep the support of Great Britain and
France, President Lincoln had to try to end
Answer the following question: How did events
unfold in Kansas after the passage of the Kansas
Nebraska Act of 1854?