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*******NO PLAGIARISM WILL BE TOLERATED. PROPER SPELLING AND GRAMMAR IS REQUIRED. IF THESE RULES ARE BROKEN IT WILL RESULT IN A WITHDRAWAL********ASA format. 12 point font double spaced. 1 page for each reading minimum.2 total readings. 2 pages. 2 separate quotes. Each reading on separate page.Reading theory is challenging, to say the least. It often requires multiple readings, “googling” terms you do not understand, and a general tenacity that can be difficult to muster. Journaling will help with this. Directions:Read the requiring readings. (Marx – Alienated Labor, Marx and Engles – The German Ideology)After you have read the piece, identify with a quote that you believe best summarizes the main argument, or one of the main arguments, of each piece.Title your journal entry with the author and title of the reading.Type the quote you chose at the top.Explain why you think this quote best summarizes the argument. This means you will write—in your own words— a paragraph or two on how you understand the piece and how the quote reflects that understanding.



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Quick Tips
for ASA Style
This style sheet has been provided to assist students
studying sociology in properly citing and referencing their
papers and essays. The information in this document is
taken from the American Sociological Association Style
Guide (4th ed., 2010). We highly encourage students who
plan to major in sociology or pursue their masters degree
in sociology to purchase the complete Style Guide, which
features sections on editorial styles, mechanics of style,
guidelines for organizing and presenting content, and more
detailed information on referencing your scholarly sources.
Information about the ASA Style Guide can be found at
The ASA has a firm commitment to full and proper attribution and authorship credit, as set forth in the ASA Code
of Ethics.
(a) In publications, presentations, teaching practice, and
service, sociologists explicitly identify credit, and reference the author when they take data or material verbatim
from another person’s written work, whether it is published, unpublished, or electronically available.
(b) In their publications, presentations, teaching, practice, and service, sociologists provide acknowledgment of
and reference to the use of others’ work, even if the work
is not quoted verbatim or paraphrased, and they do not
present others’ work as their own whether it is published,
unpublished, or electronically available.
Text Citations
Citations in the text include the last name of the author(s)
and year of publication. Include page numbers when quoting
directly from a work or referring to specific passages. Identify
subsequent citations of the same source in the same way as
the first. Examples follow:
If the author’s name is in the text, follow it with the publication year in parentheses:
…in another study by Duncan (1959).
If the author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last
name and publication year in parentheses:
…whenever it occurred (Gouldner 1963).
Pagination follows the year of publication after a colon,
with no space between the colon and the page number:
…Kuhn (1970:71).
Note: This is the preferred ASA style. Older forms of text
citations are not acceptable: (Kuhn 1970, p. 71).
Give both last names for joint authors:
… (Martin and Bailey 1988).
If a work has three authors, cite all three last names in the
first citation in the text; thereafter, use et al. in the citation.
If a work has more than three authors, use et al. in the first
citation and in all subsequent citations.
First citation for a work with three authors:
…had been lost (Carr, Smith, and Jones 1962).
Later: …(Carr et al. 1962)
If a work cited was reprinted from a version published
earlier, list the earliest publication date in
brackets, followed by the publication date of the recent
version used.
…Veblen ([1899] 1979) stated that…
Separate a series of references with semicolons. List
the series in alphabetical or date order, but be consistent
throughout the manuscript.
… (Green 1995; Mundi 1987; Smith and Wallop 1989).
Reference Lists
A reference list follows the text and footnotes in a separate section headed References. All references cited in the
text must be listed in the reference section, and vice versa.
It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that publication
information for each entry is complete and correct.
◆ References should be double-spaced.
◆ List all references in alphabetical order by first author’s
last name
◆ Include first names and surnames for all authors. Use
first-name initials only if an author used initials in the
original publication. In these cases, add a space between
the initials, as in R. B. Brown and M. L. B. Smith.
(See additional guidelines in the full text of the American
Sociological Association Style Guide.)
Author1 (last name inverted), Author2 (including full
surname, last name is not inverted), and Author3. Year of
publication. Name of Publication (italicized). Publisher’s
city and state, or province postal code (or name of
country if a foreign publisher): Publisher’s Name.
Bursik, Robert J., Jr. and Harold G. Grasmick. 1993. Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimensions of Effective Community Control. New York: Lexington Books.
Hagen, John and Ruth D. Peterson, eds. 1995. Crime and
Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Jaynes, Gerald D. and Robin M. Williams, Jr. 1989. A Common Destiny: Blacks and American Society. Washington,
DC: National Academy Press.
Journal Articles
Author1 (Last name inverted), Author2 (including full
surname, last name is not inverted), and Author3.Year
of publication. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication
(italicized) Volume Number (Issue Number):Page numbers of article.
Schafer, Daniel W. and Fred L. Ramsey. 2003. “Teaching
the Craft of Data Analysis.” Journal of Statistics Education
11(1). Retrieved December 12, 2006 (http://www.amstat.
Thomas, Jan E., ed. 2005. Incorporating the Woman Founders into Classical Theory Courses. Washington DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved December 12,
2006 (
Web sites
A general rule may be applied to citing of Web sites: If the
Web site contains data or evidence essential to a point being
addressed in the manuscript, it should be formally cited
with the URL and date of access.
In the text of the paper cite as: (ASA 2006)
In the reference list:
American Sociological Association 2006. “Status Committees.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved December 12, 2006 (http://www.asanet.
For information or to purchase a copy of the ASA Style
Guide, please contact:
Publications Department
American Sociological Association
1430 K Street NW, Suite 600
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 383-9005
Aseltine, Robert H., Jr. and Ronald C. Kessler. 1993. “Marital Disruption and Depression in a Community Sample.”
Journal of Health and Social Behavior 34(3):237-51.
Kalleberg, Arne L., Barbara F. Reskin, and Ken Hudson.
2000. “Bad Jobs in America: Standard and Nonstandard
Employment Relations and Job Quality in the United
States.” American Sociological Review 65(2):256-78.
Articles and books obtained from the Internet follow the
same pattern as those cited above, with the exception that
page numbers are omitted and the URL and date of access
are included.
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of the ASA Style Guide!

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